Communications theorist Marshall McLuhan alluded to this trend [ need quotation to verify ] when discussing [ when? Two quantum entangled particles cannot be understood independently. Two or more states in quantum superposition , e.
Jung and his Individuation Process
The Heisenberg's uncertainty principle says that complementary variables , such as position and momentum , cannot both be precisely known — in some sense, they are not individual variables. A natural criterion of individuality has been suggested. For Schopenhauer the principium individuationis constituted of time and space, being the ground of multiplicity.
In his view, the mere difference in location suffices to make two systems different, with each of the two states having its own real physical state, independent of the state of the other. This view influenced Einstein. According to Jungian psychology , individuation German : Individuation is a process of psychological integration. Individuation is a process of transformation whereby the personal and collective unconscious are brought into consciousness e.
It is a completely natural process necessary for the integration of the psyche. In addition to Jung's theory of complexes , his theory of the individuation process forms conceptions of an unconscious filled with mythic images, a non-sexual libido , the general types of extraversion and introversion , the compensatory and prospective functions of dreams , and the synthetic and constructive approaches to fantasy formation and utilization.
In L'individuation psychique et collective , Gilbert Simondon developed a theory of individual and collective individuation in which the individual subject is considered as an effect of individuation rather than a cause. Thus, the individual atom is replaced by a never-ending ontological process of individuation. Simondon also conceived of "pre-individual fields" which make individuation possible. Individuation is an ever-incomplete process, always leaving a "pre-individual" left over, which makes possible future individuations.
Furthermore, individuation always creates both an individual subject and a collective subject, which individuate themselves concurrently. Like Maurice Merleau-Ponty , Simondon believed that the individuation of being cannot be grasped except by a correlated parallel and reciprocal individuation of knowledge. The philosophy of Bernard Stiegler draws upon and modifies the work of Gilbert Simondon on individuation and also upon similar ideas in Friedrich Nietzsche and Sigmund Freud.
During a talk given at the Tate Modern art gallery in ,  Stiegler summarized his understanding of individuation. The essential points are the following:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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Part of a series on Individualism Topics and concepts. Principal concerns.
Main article: Carl Jung. Main article: Gilbert Simondon. Main article: Bernard Stiegler. Psychology portal. Dictionary of Philosophy and Religion 1st ed. The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Smith, Henry Somers-Hall eds. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. Foundations of Physics. Bibcode : FoPh Only then will understand that the conflict it is, that discord and tribulation are his riches and should not be wasted attacking others, and that if the destination should charge you a di life in the form of guilt, that debt is to himself.
Then it will recognize the value of your psyche, because no one can be liable to a mere nothing. Need celebrate the Last Supper with himself, eat his flesh and drink his blood,. Meaning they must recognize and accept the other in yourself [ Because, having to support yourself, how one can be able to afflict others? Recovery, the aim of individuation, "is not only achieved by work on the inside figures but also, as conditio sine qua non , by a readaptation in outer life" —including the recreation of a new and more viable persona.
To "develop a stronger persona Thus one goal for individuation is for people to "develop a more realistic, flexible persona that helps them navigate in society but does not collide with nor hide their true self". Eventually, "in the best case, the persona is appropriate and tasteful, a true reflection of our inner individuality and our outward sense of self. Just as the world about him takes on a friendly or a hostile aspect to the eyes of primitive man, so the influences of his unconscious seem to him like an opposing power, with which he has to come to terms just as with the visible world.
His countless magical practices serve this end. On higher levels of civilization, religion and philosophy fulfil the same purpose. Whenever such a system of adaptation breaks down a general unrest begins to appear, and attempts are made to find a suitable new form of relationship to the unconscious.
These things seem very remote to our modern, "enlightened" eyes. When I speak of this hinterland of the mind, the unconscious, and compare its reality with that of the visible world, I often meet with an incredulous smile.
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But then I must ask how many people there are in our civilized world who still believe in mana and spirits and suchlike theories-in other words, how many millions of Christian Scientists and spiritualists are there? I will not add to this list of questions. They are, merely intended to illustrate the fact that the problem of invisible psychic determinants is as alive today as ever it was. The collective unconscious contains the whole spiritual heritage of mankind's evolution, born anew in the brain structure of every individual.
His conscious mind is an ephemeral phenomenon that accomplishes all provisional adaptations and orientations, for which reason one can best compare its function to orientation in space. The unconscious, on the other hand, is the source of the instinctual forces of the psyche and of the forms.
Individuation Process: A Step-by-Step Look at Jungian Psychology
All the, most powerful ideas in history go back to archetypes. This is particularly ,true of religious ideas, but the central concepts of science, philosophy, and ethics are no exception to this rule. In their present form they are variants of archetypal ideas, created by consciously applying and adapting these ideas to reality. For it is the function of consciousness not only to recognize ;md assimilate the external world through the gateway of the senses, but to translate into visible reality the world within us.
Mankind wishes to love in God only their ideas, that is to say, the ideas which they project into God. By that they wish to love their unconscious, that Is, that remnant of ancient humanity and the centuries-old past In all people, namely, the common property left behind from all development which is given to all men, like the sunshine and the air. But in loving this inheritance they love that which is common to all. Thus they turn back to the mother of humanity, that is to say, to the spirit of the race, and regain in this way something of that connection and of that mysterious and irresistible power which is imparted by the feeling of belonging to the herd.
It is the problem of Antaeus, who preserves his gigantic strength only through contact with mother earth. And, you fool, you believe that it is you and that it is your work. Because you can't distinguish yourself from your soul. But you are distinct from her, and you should not pursue whoring with other souls as if you yourself were a soul, but instead you are a powerless man who needs all his force for his own completion. Why do you look to the other? What you see in him lies neglected in yourself You should be the guard before the prison of your soul.
You also your soul's eunuch, who protects her from Gods and men, or protects the Gods and men from her.
The Principle of Individuation: Toward the Development of Human Consciousness
Power is given to the weak man, a poison that paralyzes even the Gods, like a poison sting bestowed upon the little bee whose force is far inferior to yours. Your soul could seize this poison and thereby endanger even the Gods. So put the soul under wraps, distinguish yourself from her, since not only your fellow men but also the Gods must live. By understanding them, you become one with them, and in doing so are able to find you own direction — so long as its in harmony with, and does not try to oppose, the greater forces in being…… you do not feel helpless any longer….
As such it is the Urgrund of our being, the original basis from which everything valuable may develop. The unconscious is at its basis collective in character. The less-than-whole life is one of inner conflict where the ego struggles to ignore, repress, or deny a part of the psyche. Because this is painful, the ego runs from it, with projection and compensation.
However-- …real liberation comes not from glossing over or repressing painful states of feeling, but only from experiencing them to the full. By day no light is needed, and if you don't know it is night you won't light one, nor will any light be lit for you unless you have suffered the horror of darkness. Failing a recognition of this exacting demand, a violation of the other standpoint is practically inevitable" -- Carl Jung. He must obey his own law, as if it were a daemon whispering to him of new and wonderful paths There are not a few who are called awake by the summons of the voice, whereupon they are at once set apart from the others, feeling themselves confronted with a problem about which the others know nothing.
In most cases it is impossible to explain to the others what has happened, for any understanding is walled off by impenetrable prejudices. He is at once set apart and isolated, as he has resolved to obey the law that commands him from within. But he knows better: it is the law The only meaningful life is a life that strives for the individual realization--absolute and unconditional--of its own particular law To the extent that a man is untrue to the law of his being The undiscovered vein within us is a living part of the psyche; classical Chinese philosophy names this interior way "Tao," and likens it to a flow of water that moves irresistibly towards its goal.
To rest in Tao means fulfillment, wholeness, one's destination reached, one's mission done; the beginning, end, and perfect realization of the meaning of existence innate in all things. The numinous experience of the individuation process is, on the archaic level, the prerogative of shamans and medicine men; later, of the physician, prophet, and priest; and finally at the civilized stage, of philosophy and religion.
So, sooner or later, the individual could not fail to become conscious of his own transformation and of the necessary psychological conditions for this. Such as confession and repentance of sin.
This end is the beginning of true wisdom. In the psychology of the individual there is always, at such moments, an agonising situation of conflict from which there seems no way out-at least for the conscious mind, since as far is this is concerned, tertium non datur.